Researchers from OpenAI have discovered that AI technology has advanced to the point where anyone can create malware codes that specifically target the features and vulnerabilities of different operating systems. This article discusses the five main types of AI-based cyberattacks: Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs), deepfake attacks, AI-based malware, phishing, and DDoS attacks.
Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs)
An APT is a concealed threat usually perpetrated by state-sponsored groups that gain unauthorized access to a computer network and remain undetected for a long time. The use of AI can help attackers customize their approach and improve their success rate.
Hackers can use videos or images created by neural networks to conduct fraudulent campaigns or misinform users. This type of attack is known as a deepfake attack and has become increasingly common.
AI-based malware can work independently, adapt to changing conditions, and avoid detection. By using natural language processing and machine learning, attackers can create more convincing phishing emails and messages designed to deceive individuals into revealing their personal data.
Phishing attacks are becoming more sophisticated, and AI is playing a significant role in this development. Attackers use natural language processing and machine learning to create more convincing phishing emails and messages designed to deceive individuals into revealing their personal data.
In DDoS attacks, artificial intelligence is used to identify and exploit vulnerabilities in a network, enabling the cybercriminal to increase the scale and impact of the attack.
Protecting Against AI-Based Cyberattacks
The researchers warn that hackers will personalize their approach to stealing funds and personal data with AI. Therefore, ordinary users must improve their digital literacy to protect themselves from cyberattacks. It is important to remain vigilant against cyber threats and practice best security practices such as using strong passwords, two-factor authentication, and regularly updating software.
AI-based cyberattacks are a significant challenge that requires vigilance, proactive steps, and an informed digital society. Increasing awareness and providing cybersecurity education and training can help individuals and organizations improve their resilience and thwart cyberattacks in the digital era.